Table of Contents


Art. 19. The husband and wife owe to each other mutually, fidelity, support and assistance.

Art. 20. The wife is bound to live with her husband and to follow him wherever he chooses to reside. The husband is obliged to receive her and to furnish her with whatever is required for the conveniences of life, in proportion to his means and condition.

Art. 21. The wife cannot appear in court, without the authority of her husband, although she may be a public merchant, or possess her property separate from her husband.

Art. 22. The wife, even when she is separated of property from her husband, cannot alienate, grant, mortgage or acquire, either by gratuitous or incumbered title, unless her husband concurs in the act, or yields his consent in writing.

Art. 23. If the husband refuses to empower his wife to appear in court the Judge may give such authority.

Art. 24. If the husband refuses to empower his wife to pass an act, the wife may cause him to be cited to appear before the judge, who may empower or refuse to empower her to pass the act, after hearing the allegations of the husband, or having caused him to be called before him said judge.

Art. 25. If the wife is a public merchant, she may without being empowered by her husband, obligate herself for what relates to her trade; and in such case her husband is bound also, if there exists a community of property between them.
She is not considered as a public merchant, whilst she retails only the effects of her husband's commerce, but when she carries on a separate trade. 

Art. 26. If the husband is under interdiction or absent, the judge may, when satisfied of the fact, authorise the wife to sue or to be sued or to make contracts.

Art. 27. Every general authority, even although stipulated for in the marriage contract, is void, except so far as it respects the administration of the property of the wife.

Art. 28. Proceedings to annul the acts of the wife for want of authority, can be instituted only by the husband or wife or by their heirs.

Art. 29. The wife may make her last will without the authority of her husband.



Art. 30. The bond of matrimony is dissolved,
1stly, By the death of the husband or wife;
2ndly, Whenever the marriage is declared null and void for one of the causes mentioned in the third chapter of this title, or when another marriage is contracted on account of absence, when authorised by law.
Separation from bed and board does not dissolve the bond of matrimony, since the separated husband and wife are not at liberty to marry again, but it puts an end to their conjugal combination and to the common concerns which may subsist between them.



Art. 31. The wife shall not be at liberty to contract another marriage until ten months after the dissolution of her preceding marriage.

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